All About Pianos

What Temperature Should a Piano Be Kept At?

Written By :

Fairfax County Piano Tuners

Published on August 31, 2023

If you’re a piano owner, you might wonder, what temperature should a piano be kept at? This is a vital subject, as temperature variations can affect a piano’s condition overall. Humidity and other environmental factors can also risk damage over time.

Pianos are best kept in an environment with a consistent temperature. Ideally, the temperature should be between 68°F and 72°F. Also, avoid placing the piano in direct sunlight or near heat sources. Extreme temperature fluctuations can cause the wood to expand and contract, affecting the piano.

Pianos are more delicate than you might realize and are sensitive to temperature and humidity changes. This is why it’s vital to know what temperature should a piano be kept at. Also, it’s good to call a piano services technician when needed. Expert tuning and other adjustments keep the piano sounding its best year-round.

what temperature should a piano be kept at

What Temperature Should a Piano Be Kept At?

Maintaining a stable environment is important for preserving the condition and sound quality of a piano. Here are some general guidelines for temperature and humidity levels for piano storage:


Pianos are best kept in an environment between 68°F and 72°F, as said. Also, heat sources such as radiators, stoves, or heating vents risk piano damage. Not only can the wood ignite when exposed to extreme heat, but it can also expand and contract. This process puts the piano out of tune and can risk cracks and other damage along the piano body.


Humidity control is equally important for pianos. The relative humidity level should be maintained between 40% and 50%. Fluctuations in humidity can cause the wood in the piano to swell and contract. This risks warping, cracks, and changes in tuning stability.

To control humidity, use a humidifier in dry environments and a dehumidifier in excessively humid environments. Check the humidity levels consistently especially during extreme temperatures such as summertime heat and cold winter months.

Avoid Drastic Changes

Rapid changes in temperature and humidity should be avoided. This can cause stress on the piano's materials and affect its tuning and overall condition. If you need to move a piano from one environment to another, try to acclimate it gradually over a period of time. Schedule needed tuning as well.

Regular Tuning

Even with proper temperature and humidity control, pianos need regular tuning. This is due to the tension changes in the strings caused by environmental factors. A piano technician can help you determine the appropriate tuning schedule based on your specific situation.

Climate Considerations

If you live in an area with extreme temperature or humidity variations, invest in additional climate control equipment. This might include a humidity control system designed for pianos. These systems monitor the humidity of the environment and engage a humidifier or dehumidifier as needed.

a technician tuning a piano

Where Should a Piano Be Placed In a House?

Placing a piano in the right location within your house is essential. This ensures the instrument's well-being and the enjoyment of its sound. Here are some factors to consider when deciding where to place a piano:

  • Choose a location that is away from direct sunlight, heating vents, radiators, and drafts. Extreme temperature fluctuations and humidity variations affect the piano's tuning, sound, and condition.
  • Aim for a stable environment with consistent temperature and humidity levels. Sudden changes can stress the piano's materials and impact its sound quality.
  • Position the piano against an interior wall rather than an exterior wall. Exterior walls can be exposed to more temperature variations, potentially affecting the piano's stability.
  • Placing a piano near windows and doors can expose it to drafts, sunlight, and temperature changes. These factors can be detrimental to the piano's condition.
  • Ensure the piano is placed on a solid and level floor. Avoid placing it on carpet that can trap moisture and cause stability issues.
  • Keep the piano away from rooms with high humidity levels, such as bathrooms and kitchens. Excessive moisture can damage the piano's wood and metal components.

Ultimately, the goal is to create a comfortable and stable environment for the piano. This allows you to enjoy its sound and preserve its condition for years to come.

Can a Piano Be Stored in a Cold Garage?

Storing a piano in a cold garage is generally not recommended. Extreme temperature fluctuations and exposure to cold and damp conditions can affect the instrument's structure, sound, and condition. Note some added reasons why storing a piano in a cold garage is not necessarily a good idea:

  • Garages are often subject to wide temperature fluctuations, especially in colder months. These fluctuations can cause the wood and other materials of the piano to expand and contract, potentially leading to cracks, warping, and other structural issues.
  • Garages may lack proper insulation and climate control, leading to fluctuations in humidity levels. Excessively dry or damp conditions can negatively impact the piano's soundboard, strings, and overall tuning stability.
  • Garages can be prone to moisture issues, especially if they're not well-sealed. Moisture can lead to rust on metal components and promote mold growth on the wood, both of which can harm the piano.
  • Garages are more susceptible to pests like rodents and insects, which can damage the piano's internal components and affect its overall condition.

Ideally, if you're looking to store a piano for an extended period, find a climate-controlled environment within your home. This can be a dedicated music room, where you can maintain consistent temperature and humidity levels. If you're uncertain about the best storage solution for your piano, consult a piano technician or professional.

A Word From Our Piano Services Team

Fairfax County Piano Tuners by PianoCraft is happy to explain, what temperature should a piano be kept at? Hopefully we’ve given you some useful, practical information for your piano. If you’re in the area, don’t hesitate to call our Fairfax piano tuning services technicians. We’ll prepare a FREE services quote for needed tuning, voicing, repairs, and more. To get your piano started on all the services you need to have done, call today!

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